PMT DATABASE

This project is aimed to collect available data re pre-movement times

Pre-movement time - time interval between the warning of fire being given (by an alarm or by direct sight of smoke or fire) and the first move being made towards an exit (BS 7974:2001, Application of Fire Safety Engineering Principles to the Design of Buildings - Code of Practice, British Standards Institution, 2001).

This is free service for fire safety engineers all over the world to investigate this and associated issues.

Here you may find already available information and please share with us your data.

 

Delay Times Derived from Actual Fires and Evacuation Exercises Reported in the Referenced Literature (in Minutes)

є

Occupancy type

N, pers

Min

1st Q

Median

3rd Q

Max

Mean

 FACTORS

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distribution

1
High-rise hotel
536
0
3.3
60.0
130.9
290
n/a

MGM Grand Hotel fire, NA, Q; [1]

n/a
2
High-rise hotel
47
0
2.0
5.0
17.5
120
n/a
Westchase Hilton Hotel fire, no alarm in early stages, Q [1]
n/a
3
High-rise office building
85
0
2.0
5.0
10.0
245
11.3
WTC explosion and fire, NA (building closer to explosion) [1]
n/a

4

High-rise office building
46
0
4.5
10.0
31.5
185
28.4
WTC explosion and fire, NA (building further from blast) [1]
n/a
5
High-rise office building
107
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
~6.0
n/a

Fire incident, no alarms, data from interviews with occupants of four floors of building (11 interviewees were trapped) [1]

n/a

6

High-rise office building
12
0.5
n/a
1.0
n/a
2.3
1.2

UD on 3 floors; data for first person to reach each of four stairwell doors to wait for VC instruction; TS; V; [1]

n/a

7
High-rise office building
12
0.5
n/a
1.0
n/a
2.3
1.2

UD on 3 floors; data for the first person to reach each of four stairwell doors to wait for VC instruction; TS; V; [1]

n/a

8

Mid-rise office building
92
0
0.4
0.6
0.8
<4
0.6
UD, NG; fire wardens; warm day [1]

n/a

9
Mid-rise office building
161
0
0.5
0.9
1.4
<5
1.1
UD, NG; fire wardens; cool day [1]
n/a

10

One-story department store†
95
1
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.9
0.4
UD; TS; data here derived from grouped data for 95 participants [1]

n/a

11
Three-story department store
122
0.05
n/a
n/a
n/a
01.июн
0.6
UD; TS; V [1]
n/a

12

One-story department store
122
0.07
n/a
n/a
n/a
1.7
0.5
UD; TS; V [1]
n/a
13
One-story department store
71
0.03
n/a
n/a
n/a
1.0
0.4

UD;TS; V [1]

n/a

14

High-rise apartment bldg
n/a
0
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
10.5
Forest Laneway fire; for occupants who attempted to evacuate in the first hour, Q [1]

n/a

15

 
219
0
n/a
187.8
n/a
720
190.8
Forest Laneway fire, for all occupants[1]

n/a

16
High-rise apartment bldg†
33
0.3
0.8
1.3
4.4
10.2
2.8
UD; NG [1]
n/a
17
High-rise apartment bldg†
93
0.4
1.5
3.6
6.9
18.6
5.3
UD; NG; heavy snow during drill [1]
n/a

18

High-rise apartment bldg
27
1.0
2.0
8.0
14.0
>20
n/a
Fire incident in early morning, alarm functioned, fewer than half the occupants evacuated [1]

n/a

19

Mid-rise apartment bldg†
42
0.6
1.0
1.4
3.0
>14
2.5
UD; NG [1]

n/a

20
Mid-rise apartment bldg†
55
>0.5
1.6
4.4
13.5
>21
8.4
UD; PA [1]
n/a

21

Mid-rise apartment bldg
77
>0.3
1.9
7.7
19.1
>24
9.7
UD; PA [1]

n/a

22
Mid-rise apartment bldg
80
>0.3
1.2
2.5
3.7
>12
3.1
UD; PA [1]
n/a

23

Mid-rise apartment bldg†
77
>0.3
1.9
7.7
19.1
>24
9.7
UD; PA [1]

n/a

24

Training facility
566
<0.2
0.7
1.1
1.5
>5
n/a
Testing sleeping subjects at a training facility [1]
n/a
Delay Times Derived from Evacuation Exercises (in Seconds)
25
Boarding school for children with hearing difficulties
43
44
84
190
96
V; UD; TS. Evacuation at night time and dressing children in blanket; Ru

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26
Police department
47
39
124
257
125
V;AD; PTS;VC; Ru

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27 Musical college 1
113
6
45
243
57
V; AD;TS;VC+S; Ru
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28
Musical college 2
145
11
125
274
124
V; UD; TS;VC+S; Ru

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29 Kinder garden
61
2
8
68
11
V; AD; O(Speech signal from the teacher); Ru
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30
Kinder garden. Dressing in winter clothes
77
56
193
435
227
V; AD; O(Speech signal from the teacher and dressing children in winter clothes ); Ru

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31
Boarding school for children oligophrenic 1
53
3
16
51
19
V; AD; TS; Evacuation at night time and dressing children in blanket; Ru

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32 Boarding school for children oligophrenic 2
65
5
27
120
35
V; UD; TS; Evacuation at night time and dressing children in blanket; Ru
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33 Secondary School 1
57
14
46
72
47
V; UD; TS; EX; Ru
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34
Secondary School 2
102
4
27
134
33
V; AD; TS; Ru

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FACTORS Ц GLOSSARY

Data collection means
V- Video
Q- Questionnaire
O - Other (infra-red cameras, computer aided techniques) Ц please specify

Procedure
UD - Unannounced drill
AD- Announced drill
E- Experiment (special premises, special settings)
O - Observation (CCTV cameras etc)

Alarm type
VC- Voice
S- Sound
NG- No general alarm

PA- poor alarm performance

Staff training
TS- Trained staff
PTS- Poor trained staff
NTS- Non-trained staff

Emotional conditions
P- Panic
EX- Excited
C- Calm

Country

Ru- Russia

Reference

[1] - Toward Creating a Database on Delay Times to Start Evacuation and Walking Speeds for Use in Evacuation Modeling

Rita F. Fahy, Ph.D., National Fire Protection Association, USA
Guylиne Proulx, Ph.D., National Research Council of Canada

 

Project coordinators - Dr Rita Fahy, Dr Dmitry Samoshin

E-mail: pmtdata@gmail.com